Retirement of Treasury Stock Redemptions, Calls, & Purchases

journal entry issue common stock

Before the split, 1,000 shares at $80 each totaled $80,000; after the split, 2,000 shares at $40 each still totals $80,000. Stock is the measure of ownership in a company, existing in common stock and preferred stock which is given priority in several cases. The contributed surplus amount will be reported as part of the contributed capital on the balance sheet. This account is sometimes described as share premium or additional paid-in capital.

journal entry issue common stock

That is different from, for example, giving up an asset such as a truck in exchange for a computer or some other type of property. Stock issuance is a form of business financing; it helps companies raise funds from investors in exchange for equity in the enterprise. When a company issues stock, it generally records an increase in stockholders’ equity. This is because the company receives cash or other assets in exchange for issuing the common stock and the amount received is then available to be used to run the company’s operations. The issuance of common stock is also used to pay off outstanding liabilities or to fund investments in new assets.

Stock Splits and Stock Dividends

Par value is the legal capital per share, and is printed on the face of the stock certificate. A company may also issue its shares in exchange for shares of another company. This type of business combination is an advanced financial accounting concept that is not covered in this text. Sometimes a company may offer shares on a subscription basis, allowing the holder to pay for the shares in a series of payments. The accounting for these types of transactions will depend on local legislation, the terms of the subscription contract, and corporate policy.



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As stated earlier, the total par value of all issued shares is generally the legal capital of the corporation. On the balance sheet, within the stockholders’ equity section, the amount that owners put into a corporation when they originally bought stock is the summation of the common stock and capital in excess of par value accounts. This total reflects the assets conveyed to the business in exchange for capital stock. For Kellogg, that figure is $543 million, the amount received from its owners since operations first began. It is a transaction that is recorded on the company’s balance sheet and not a part of the income statement. When the company issues common stock, it is shown as an increase in the company’s total equity and the owner’s equity accounts.

What includes in the journal entry of acquisition and retirement?

Upon issuance, common stock is recorded at par value with any amount received above that figure reported in an account such as capital in excess of par value. If issued for an asset or service instead of cash, the recording is based on the fair value of the shares given up. However, if that value is not available, the fair value of the asset or service is used. The most common treasury stock accounting method is the cost method.

Stock can be issued in exchange for cash, property, or services provided to the corporation. For example, an investor could give a delivery truck in exchange for a company’s stock. The general rule is to recognize the assets received in exchange for stock at the asset’s fair market value. Arnold Corporation has been authorized to issue 40,000 shares of $100 par value, 8% noncumulative preferred stock and 2,000,000 shares of no-par common stock. At December 31, 2011, the ledger contained the following balances pertaining to stockholders’ equity. The stock transactions discussed here all relate to the initial sale or issuance of stock by The J Trio, Inc.

Retirement of Treasury Stock FAQs

Stock with no par value that has been assigned a stated value is treated very similarly to stock with a par value. If Arlington were to only sell the stock for amount equal to the par value, then the entire credit would be to the Common Stock account. If a company were selling preferred stock instead of common stock, the entry would be the same, except that the accounts in which the entries are made would be identified as preferred stock accounts, not common stock. Accounting for stock entry journal entries involves documenting financial transactions as they are related to stock acquisition. The primary entry for stock purchases would be typically entered as a debit to the asset account of the specific stock purchase and a credit to the cash or accounts payable accounts.

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Lastly, enter the total amount of par value of the common stock issued in the cash or cash equivalent account as a debit. This will match the total amount of shares times the par value per share of the common stock issued. In summary, when a company issues common stock, they need to keep an accurate accounting record of the issuance, issue certificates of stock to their investors/owners, and file a Form 8-K with the SEC. The 2-for-1 stock split will cause the quantity of shares outstanding to double and, in the process, cause the market price to drop from $80 to $40 per share. For example, if a corporation has 100,000 shares outstanding, a 2-for-1 stock split will result in 200,000 shares outstanding.


Chad and Rick have successfully incorporated La Cantina and are ready to issue common stock to themselves and the newly recruited investors. The corporate charter of the corporation indicates that the par value of its common stock is $1.50 per share. When stock is sold to investors, it is very rarely sold at par value.

Is common stock recorded as revenue?

Common Stock does not go on the Income Statement. Common Stock goes on the Balance Sheet under 'Equity'.

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